Pathology is a broad field that refers to diseases of the mouth and jaws, as well as the facial muscles and skin. There are a number of types of oral pathology, such as bacterial, fungal or viral infections, premalignant diseases and oral cancer. The most common diseases, such as periodontal (gum) disease are mainly treated by your dentist, but in some instances your dentist may refer you to an Oral & Maxillofacial surgeon for further assessment and treatment.


The most common pathologies include:

  • Cystic lesions inside the bone, commonly related to the teeth (odontogenic)
  • ‘Lumps and bumps’ on the oral mucosa
  • Discolourations, such as white or brown lesions
  • Malignant growths
  • Osteonecrosis of the jaw, usually as a result of radiotherapy, bisphosphonates or other

In most cases Dr Henze will perform a biopsy – this will be either a partial (incisional) biopsy, or a total removal (excisional biopsy). The procedure may be carried out under local or general anaesthesia, depending on the site and size of the lesion.

Experience the Faceworx Difference

Faceworx is one of Western Australia’s leading Oral and Maxillofacial practices. Our head doctor Franc Henze provides a personalised treatment using state of the art equipment that results in reduced pain and faster recovery times.

“I believe that patient wellbeing and post-operative recovery can significantly be improved by meticulous surgical technique and paying attention to detail.”


The stitches inserted during surgery are generally dissolvable and don’t need to be removed.

Biopsies are subject to the normal range of potential post-operative signs and symptoms:

  • Facial swelling
  • Bruising of the facial skin and around the eyes
  • Pain and/or discomfort
  • Reduced mouth opening
  • Jaw joint tenderness
  • Bleeding from the wounds
  • Wound infection (rare)

These signs and symptoms generally disappear after one week. Pain can usually be managed with paracetamol/anti-inflammatories. Ice-packs and a soft, cool diet are also recommended.

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